Adversaries may attempt to get information about running processes on a system. Information obtained could be used to gain an understanding of common software/applications running on systems within the network. Adversaries may use the information from Process Discovery during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including whether or not the adversary fully infects the target and/or attempts specific actions.
In Windows environments, adversaries could obtain details on running processes using the Tasklist utility via cmd or
Get-Process via PowerShell. Information about processes can also be extracted from the output of Native API calls such as
CreateToolhelp32Snapshot. In Mac and Linux, this is accomplished with the
ps command. Adversaries may also opt to enumerate processes via /proc.